Vpm Bajo En Analytical Essay

¿Qué es la prueba de sangre de VPM?

VPM son las siglas de volumen plaquetario medio. Las plaquetas son células sanguíneas pequeñas esenciales para la coagulación de la sangre, el proceso que ayuda a parar el sangrado después de una lesión. La prueba de sangre de VPM mide el tamaño promedio de las plaquetas. Puede ayudar a diagnosticar enfermedades hemorrágicas y de la médula ósea.

¿Para qué se usa?

La prueba de sangre de VPM se usa para diagnosticar o vigilar una variedad de problemas médicos relacionados con la sangre. Con una prueba de VPM a menudo se incluye el conteo de plaquetas, que mide el número total de plaquetas que usted tiene.

¿Por qué necesito una prueba de sangre de VPM?

Su médico o profesional de la salud puede pedir una prueba de sangre de VPM como parte de un conteo sanguíneo completo, (CSC), que mide muchos componentes diferentes de la sangre, entre ellos, las plaquetas. El CSC suele ser parte de un examen de rutina. También podría necesitar la prueba de VPM si tiene síntomas de un trastorno de la sangre, por ejemplo:

  • Sangrado prolongado después de un pequeño corte o lesión
  • Sangrado por la nariz
  • Manchas rojas pequeñas en la piel
  • Manchas violáceas en la piel
  • Moretones sin causa aparente

¿Qué ocurre durante una prueba de sangre de VPM?

Durante esta prueba, el profesional de la salud toma una muestra de sangre de una vena de un brazo con una aguja pequeña. Después de insertar la aguja, extrae una pequeña cantidad de sangre que coloca en un tubo de ensayo o frasquito. Tal vez sienta una molestia leve cuando la aguja se introduce o se saca, pero el procedimiento suele durar menos de cinco minutos.

¿Tendré que hacer algo para prepararme para la prueba?

La prueba de sangre de VPM no requiere ninguna preparación especial. Si su médico o profesional de la salud ha pedido otros análisis con su muestra de sangre, tal vez tenga que ayunar (no comer ni beber) por varias horas antes de la prueba. Su médico o profesional de la salud le dirá si debe seguir alguna instrucción especial.

¿Tiene algún riesgo esta prueba?

Los riesgos de un análisis de sangre son mínimos. Tal vez sienta un dolor leve o se le forme un moretón en el lugar donde se inserta la aguja, pero la mayoría de los síntomas desaparecen rápidamente.

¿Qué significan los resultados?

Los resultados de un VPM, junto con el conteo de plaquetas y otras pruebas, pueden ofrecer una imagen más completa de la salud de la sangre. Dependiendo del conteo de plaquetas y otras mediciones de la sangre, un resultado de MPV elevado puede indicar:

  • Trombocitopenia, un problema médico en el que la sangre tiene un número anormalmente bajo de plaquetas
  • Enfermedad mieloproliferativa, un tipo de cáncer de la sangre
  • Preeclampsia, una complicación del embarazo que causa presión arterial alta. Suele comenzar después de la semana 20 del embarazo
  • Enfermedad del corazón
  • Diabetes

Un nivel bajo de VPM puede indicar exposición a ciertas drogas dañinas para las células. Puede también indicar hipoplasia de la médula ósea, una condición que causa una disminución en la producción de células de la sangre. Para comprender el significado de sus resultados, consulte con su médico o profesional de la salud.

¿Hay algo más que deba saber acerca de la prueba de sangre de VPM?

Hay muchos factores que pueden afectar los resultados de la prueba de sangre de VPM. Vivir en zonas de alta montaña, la actividad física extenuante y ciertos medicamentos como las píldoras anticonceptivas, pueden aumentar los niveles de plaquetas. La disminución de los niveles de plaquetas puede ser causada por el ciclo menstrual de una mujer o por el embarazo. En casos raros, las plaquetas pueden ser afectadas por un defecto genético.

Referencias

  1. Bessman JD, Gilmer PR, Gardner FH. Use of mean platelet volume improves detection of platelet disorders. Blood Cells [Internet]. 1985 [cited 2017 Mar 15]; 11(1):127–35. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4074887
  2. ClinLab Navigator [Internet]. ClinLab Navigator LLC.; c2015. Mean Platelet Volume; [updated 2013 Jan 26; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.clinlabnavigator.com/mean-platelet-volume.html?letter=M
  3. F.E.A.S.T's Eating Disorders Glossary [Internet]. Milwaukee: Families Empowered And Supporting Treatment of Eating Disorders; Bone Marrow Hypoplasia; [cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://glossary.feast-ed.org/3-treatment-medical-management/bone-marrow-hypoplasia
  4. Hinkle J, Cheever K. Brunner & Suddarth's Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. 2nd Ed, Kindle. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2014. Platelet Count; p. 419.
  5. Important Physician Update: Mean Platelet Volume (MPV). Arch Pathol Lab Med [Internet]. 2009 Sep [cited 2017 Mar 15]; 1441–43. Available from: https://www.metromedlab.com/SiteContent/Documents/File/IPN%20MPV%20%20101609.pdf
  6. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2017. Complete Blood Count: The Test; [updated 2015 Jun 25; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 4 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/cbc/tab/test
  7. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2017. Platelet Count: The Test; [updated 2015 Apr 20; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 4 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/platelet/tab/test
  8. NIH U.S. National Library of Medicine: Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome ; 2017 Mar 14 [cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/8p11-myeloproliferative-syndrome
  9. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy; [cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 4 screens]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/resources/heart/hbp-pregnancy
  10. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; What Are the Risks of Blood Tests?; [updated 2012 Jan 6; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 5 screens].Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bdt/risks
  11. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; What is Thrombocytopenia?; [updated 2012 Sep 25; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 2 screens].Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/thcp
  12. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; What To Expect with Blood Tests; [updated 2012 Jan 6; cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 4 screens]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bdt/with
  13. Slavka G, Perkmann T, Haslacher H, Greisenegger S, Marsik C, Wagner OF, Endler G. Mean Platelet Volume May Represent a Predictive Parameter for Overall Vascular Mortality and Ischemic Heart Disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. [Internet]. 2011 Feb 17 [cited 2017 Mar 15]; 31(5):1215–8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21330610
  14. University of Rochester Medical Center [Internet]. Rochester (NY): University of Rochester Medical Center; c2017. Health Encyclopedia: Platelets; [cited 2017 Mar 15]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=platelet_count

La información médica proporcionada es sólo para propósitos informativos y no para ser utilizada como sustituto de un consejo médico, diagnóstico o tratamiento profesional. Por favor, póngase en contacto con su proveedor de atención de salud si tiene preguntas sobre condiciones médicas o para la interpretación de los resultados de las pruebas.

En caso de una emergencia médica, llame al 911 de inmediato si está en Estados Unidos o a su servicio de emergencia local.
< Back to list

Omotayo O Banjo

Title: Associate Professor
Office: 121-A McMicken Hall
Tel: 513-556-2142
Email: omotayo.banjo@uc.edu

Omotayo Banjo, PhD (Penn State University, 2009) focuses on representation and audience responses to racial and cultural media. Her work has been published in peer reviewed journals including Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Communication Theory, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, Journal of Media and Religion, and Race and Social Problems. She has also presented her research at regional, national and international conferences which include the International Communication Association, National Communication Association, Association for Education  in Journalism & Mass Communication, and the Collegium for African-American Research.  Dr. Banjo teaches courses related to media theory, identity, and race. She is also an affiliate faculty of Africana Studies, Women, Gender, & Sexuality Studies, and Journalism.

Education

  • B.A., Penn State University, State College, PA, 2004 (Psychology).
  • PhD, Penn State University, State College, PA, 2009 (Mass Communication).

Research Information

Research Interests

  • Media Effects
  • Race and Media
  • Media and Identity

Research Support

  • Barrow’s Minority Scholarship, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). 2008.
  • GSIC Student Paper Award, Pennsylvania State University. 2006.
  • For us only?: Hostile media perception in the presence of a White audience, Africana Research Center. 2006.
  • (PI), Banjo, O, Provost’s Committee on Faculty Diversity. 9984. 05-2010. Status: Active.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Banjo, O. (2011) What are you laughing at? Examining predictors of Whites’ enjoyment of Black Entertainment. [lead article]Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media,55(2), 137-159. doi:10.1080/08838151.2011.570822
  • Banjo, O. & Morant Williams, K. (2011).  A house divided? Christian music in Black and White Communities. [lead article]Journal of Media & Religion, 10(3) 115-137. doi: 10.1080/15348423.2011.599640
  • Oliver, M. B., Banjo, O., & Kim, J. (2003). Judging a movie by its cover: A content analysis of sexual portrayals on video rental jackets. Sexuality & Culture, 7(3), 38-56.
  • Banjo, O. (2002). The effects of media consumption on the perception of romantic relationships. Penn State McNair Journal, 9, 9-33.
  • Oh, D. & Banjo, O. (2012) Outsourcing postracialism: Voicing neoliberal multiculturalism in Outsourced. Communication Theory, 22(4), 449-470. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2885.2012.01414.x
  • Banjo, O.O. (2013). For Us Only? Examining the Effect of Viewing Context on Black Audiences’ Perceived Influence of Black Entertainment. Race and Social Problems, 5 (1), pp. 1-14. doi: 10.1007/s12552-013-9106-x
  • Morant Williams, K & Banjo, O.O. (2013). From where we stand: Exploring Christian listeners social location and Christian music listening". Journal of Media and Religion, 12(4), 196-216. doi: 10.1080/15348423.2013.845027[Link]
  • Banjo, O.O & Fraley, T. (2014). The wannabe, the man, and whitebread: Portrayals of whiteness in the Black films. Western Journal of Black Studies
  • Banjo, O.O., Appiah, O., Wang, Z.J. Brown, C., & Walther, W.  (2015). Co-viewing effects of ethnic-oriented programming: An examination of in-‐group bias and racial comedy exposure. Journalismand Mass Communication Quarterly. , 92, 662-680 
  • Banjo, O.O .& Morant Williams, K. (2015). Behind the music: Exploring audiences’ attitudes toward gospel and contemporary Christian music. Submitted to Journal of Communication and Religion, 37(3) 117-138.

Book Chapter

  • Sanders, M. & Banjo, O. (2013). Mass Media and African American identities: examining Black self-concept and intersectionality  (pp. 126-148). In D. Lasorsa & A. Rodriguez (Eds.) Media and Identity: New Agendas in Communication. New York: Routledge.
  • Banjo, O., Whembolua, G., Howard, S., Frederick, N., & Lindsey, J. (Forthcoming). Gangsters’ Paradox: Materialism, Misogyny, Subjectivity and Health Consequences.  In C. Jones & E. Wallace (Eds). Black Sociology: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions
  • Banjo, O. (2015). Now you see me: The visibility of whiteness in Black context film. In V. Berry, A. Fleming-Rife,  & A. Dayo (Eds) Black Culture and Experience: Contemporary Issues. 257-270. New York: Peter Lang Publishing,

Electronic Journal

  • Banjo, O.Hu, Y., and Sundar, S. (2008) Cell phone usage and social interaction with proximate others: Ringing in a theoretical model. The Open Communication Journal, 2, 127-135. [Electronic version].

Teaching and Resource Materials

  • Banjo, O. (2005). Personalizing your college education. In C. Glenn (Ed.), Making Sense: A Real-world Rhetorical Reader 2nd ed. (pg. 521). Boston: Bedford, Freeman & Worth.

Presentations & Lectures

Invited Presentations

  • Banjo, O (03-2009). Black humor: For mature audiences only” Black knowledge and the arts: Music, drama, and film. Conference of the Collegium for African American Research, Bremen, Germany.
  • Banjo, O (03-2008). Third-person effects in Black entertainment. Issues of race in entertainment panel, Association for Education in Journalism & Mass Communication, Pittsburgh, PA.
  • Banjo, O. (04/06/2013). Hip Hop , Ethnic Identification and Sexual Health Cincinnati, OH, AARC.
  • Banjo, O. & Morant, K (04-2011). Stirring the Souls of Black Folk: ♂ Unpacking the Intersection of Spiritual and Social identity of Black Gospel Music Listeners Conference of the Collegium for African American Research, Paris,France.
  • Morant, K & Banjo, O. (04-2011). Praising God in Black & White: An analysis of the rhetorical power of Contemporary Christian music and Black Gospel music Eastern Communication Association, Washington D.C..
  • Banjo,O (04-2010). Personal to Me, Universal to You: Understanding White Audiences and Tyler Perry Eastern Communication Association, Baltimore, MD.

Paper Presentations

  • Banjo, O (05-2008). For us only?: Hostile media perception in the presence of a White audience.. the International Communication Association,, Montreal, CAN.
  • Banjo, O, & Fraley, T (05-2008). Portrayals of whiteness in Black films. . International Communication Association, , Montreal, CAN.
  • Tsay, M., & Banjo, O. (05-2007). A true test of friendship: Testing the interpersonal nature of parasocial interactions. . International Communication Association, , San Francisco, CA.
  • Banjo, O., Hu, Y., & Sundar, S. (03-2006). Cell phone usage and social interaction with proximate others: Ringing in a theoretical model. . International Communication Association, Dresden, Germany.
  • Banjo, O., Hu, Y., & Sundar, S. (03-2006). Cell phone usage and social interaction with proximate others: Ringing in a theoretical model. Penn State’s Graduate Exhibition, University Park, PA.
  • Banjo, O., Early, M., & Granger, E. (03-2005). The effects of social identity on perceptions of racism in print news media. Association for Education in Journalism & Mass Communication Midwinter Conference, Kennesaw, Georgia.
  • Banjo,O (06-2010). What are you laughing at?: Understanding Whites’ enjoyment of Black entertainment. . International Communication Association, Singapore, Singapore.
  • Banjo, O.O. Wang, Z.J., Appiah, O., Brown, C., Walther, W., Hedstrom, A., & Irwin, M. (05/20/2015). Wait, Can I Laugh at This? Group Viewing and Racial Humor Messages. . International Communication Association, San Juan, Puerto Rico..
  • Oh, D & Banjo, O. (11-2011). Outsourcing postracialism: Voicing neoliberal multiculturalism in Outsourced.. National Communication Association, New Orleans, Louisanna.
  • Banjo, O & Morant Williams, K. (05-2012). ) Behind the Music: Exploring Audiences’ Attitudes toward Gospel and Contemporary Christian Music. International Communication Association, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Neuwirth, K. , Frederi, E. & Banjo, O. (11-2011). Racial Identity, Racial Perceptions and Person Effects. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.
  • Banjo,O et.al. Co-viewing effects of ethnic-oriented programming: An examination of in-group bias and racial comedy exposure. ICA, London, UK.

Poster Presentations

  • Banjo, O,, Early, M., & Granger, E (03-2005). The effects of social identity on perceptions of racism in print news media. Association for Education in Journalism & Mass Communication , San Antonio, TX.
  • Banjo, O. (11-2006). Are you in the family? Determining relationship investment by cell phone provider. National Communication Association, San Antonio, TX.
  • Banjo, O & Morant, K. (06-2010). A house divided? Christian music in Black and White International Communication Association, Singapore, Singapore.
  • Banjo, O., Early, M., & Granger, E. (03-2005). The effects of social identity on perceptions of racism in print news media Penn State’s Graduate Exhibition, University Park, PA.
  • Banjo, O (05-2012). Why Can’t We Be Friends? Understanding Comedy and Cultural Competence International Communication Association, Phoenix, AZ.

Colloquia

  • Banjo, O. (04-2011). The Dave Chappelle Effect:  Humor, Race, and Reception. Department of Sociology Research Colloquium, Cincinnati, OH.

Symposium

  • Banjo,O (11/06/2011). Ethnic Entertainment, Audiences and Effects. Diversity Conference, Terre Haute, Indiana..

Experience & Service

Courses Taught

  • 15-COMM-326 INTRO TO MASS COMM

  • Media & Identity
    Media & Identity
    Level: Undergraduate

  • Media Literacy
    Media Literacy
    Level: Undergraduate

  • Seminar Analysis in Media
    Seminar Analysis in Media
    Level: Graduate

  • 15-COMM-392 PROJECT IN COMMUNIC
    Level: Undergraduate

  • 15-COMM-861 DIR PROBLEMS COMM
    Level: Graduate

Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Vpm Bajo En Analytical Essay”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *