Religion In Ancient Egyptian Civilization Essays

Ancient Egypt's Religion and Its Affects on Civilization Essay

1366 Words6 Pages

Ancient Egypt's religion was a major part of what made them such a unique civilization. Although they began like many other ancient civilizations, on a river side, they quickly became one of the longest lasting empires the world had ever seen. Their religion helped to create this by introducing an unchanging element into their culture. Religion was also a very strong part of their government. Both of these factors helped to add to their stability and adaptability which was one of the most impressive in both the ancient and the modern world. Ancient Egypt's culture, government, adaptability and overall stability came from their extremely intricate and ever present religion. Egypt’s culture was one of the most diverse and religious…show more content…

The legend of Osiris is the only fully surviving Egyptian legend, it dictates the rise and fall of Osiris and how he was eventually revenged by his son and wife. In James Weigel's, Cliffs Notes on Mythology, he says that “Osiris represents the Nile with its annual flooding and withdrawal; Isis represents the fertile farm land of Egypt, which was made fecund by the Nile; Set represents the arid desert that separates the Nile and the fertile land; while Nephthys stands for the marginal areas between the farm land and desert.” (23-24). It goes on to say that this is one of many ways to interpret this myth, other ways interpret the myth include the balance between good and evil and so on. The Egyptian people may have seen the myth in any of these ways, and truly it does not matter how they saw it, any of the interpretations show how closely tied their religion was to the culture and life. Egyptian government was extremely centered around their religion. Their king, called the Pharaoh, was supposedly a descendant of Ra the sun god. This gave the ruler great power over the citizens. They believed that because he was a descendant of the gods that he himself was a god and therefore he must be the ruler of earth as Ra was ruler of the heavens. It is typically believed that the people of Egypt would have been aware that this could not be true. Egypt’s rulers were constantly being undermined by fellow nobles, the people

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Religion and Civilization Essay

1245 Words5 Pages

How do we define religion?
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of religion is as follows: “the belief in a god or in a group of gods, an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods, or an interest, a belief, or an activity that is very important to a person or group” (Merriam-Webster.) My personal definition of religion is that it is a set of beliefs and practices that generally pertain the worship of one or more than one spiritual beings or representations of a spiritual power. Religion can be personal belief or an organization or group of people who have similar beliefs and values. There are many different types of religions in the world and have been since the…show more content…

They became the cornerstone of many earlier and later civilizations. Even today many countries, especially those in the Middle East, have religious leaders who work with the government to enact laws and “guide” the spiritual aspect of the lives of their citizens. Unfortunately, with such strong beliefs and convictions can come conflict. This conflict can be on a small scale, such as discrimination against those who don’t share the same beliefs to full-scale war which was the case in the first Crusades. In more recent times we have seen mass genocides of people based in part on religious beliefs such as the annihilation of the Jews during the Second World War. Today we see it played out in acts of terrorism, jihads. Religion is a powerful tool that can be used both to help and enrich the lives of people or used as justification for intolerance against others. What common elements do you detect in the religions of various civilizations?
Most religions have god, gods, or other mystical forms which represent a supernatural power or being who is many times seen as a creator of life or some aspect of our world. Many, though not all believe in a form of an afterlife. Many religions such as Buddhism, (the religion practiced in ancient Egypt), Zoroastrianism, and others are concerned with balance i.e. cosmic balance, the balance between good and evil, the balance of life itself. Most religions have rituals, books (Rig Veda, Quran, Bible, Torah, etc.), and

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