Gulf War Poem Analysis Essay

Summary Of First Gulf War Essay

Operation Desert Storm / Desert Shield

In 1979 Saddam Hussein took control of Iraq, and immediately set the tone for his rule by killing 21 of his cabinet members. He wanted to make his country whole once again so on August 2, 1990 he invaded Kuwait and in less than 4 hours he had taken Kuwait and controlled 24% of the world's oil supplies. It seemed as if his next target was Saudi Arabia. Within days, the United States, along with the United Nations, demanded Iraq's immediate withdrawal. U.S. and other UN member nations began deploying troops in Saudi Arabia within the week, and the world-wide coalition began to form under UN authority.

There are three basic causes to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. First, Iraq had long considered Kuwait to be a part of Iraq. This claim led to several confrontations over the years, and continued hostility. Also, it can be argued that with Saddam Hussein's attempted invasion of Iran defeated, he sought easier conquests against his weak southern neighbors.

Second, rich deposits of oil straddled the ill-defined border and Iraq constantly claimed that Kuwaiti oil rigs were illegally tapping into Iraqi oil fields. Middle Eastern deserts make border delineation difficult and this has caused many conflicts in the region.

The war began with an Iraqi invasion of Iran and degenerated into a bloody form of trench warfare as the Iranians slowly drove Saddam Hussein's armies back into Iraq. Kuwait and many other Arab nations supported Iraq against the Islamic Revolutionary government of Iran, fearful that Saddam's defeat could herald a wave of Iranian-inspired revolution throughout the Arab world. Following the end of the war, relations between Iraq and Kuwait deteriorated; with a lack of gratitude from the Baghdad government for help in the war and the reawakening of old issues regarding the border and Kuwaiti sovereignty.

By January of 1991, over half a million allied troops were deployed in Saudi Arabia and throughout the Gulf region. Intense diplomacy between...

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BUSH GIVES IRAQ A DEADLINE

President Bush demanded that Iraq begin pulling out of Kuwait by Saturday noon or face an allied land invasion. The demand was a setback for a Soviet peace plan, which was more lenient to Iraq and had been accepted by Baghdad. The leading countries in the allied coalition backed Mr. Bush's stance, but Iraq called it "shameful." Officers at the allied Central Command said the land attack could come as early as Sunday dawn. KUWAITI OIL INSTALLATIONS SET AFIRE

Allied fighter-bombers and artillery pounded Iraqi forces in Kuwait, as Iraq began to destroy Kuwaiti oil wellheads and transmission equipment. The allied command said that about 150 of the country's 950 wells were ablaze. Despite thick smoke over much of the country, allied planes flew 1,000 missons over Kuwait, the most since the war began. The allies reported three clashes between Iraqi and allied forces along the Kuwaiti-Saudi border. WAR LOSSES Allies Forces

Troops: A United States marine was reported killed and five others wounded by Iraqi artillery fire. After 36 days of combat, 24 Americans have been reported killed, 28 missing in action, 33 wounded and 9 as prisoners of war. Iraqi Forces

Troops: The Allies said that fighting along the border produced 100 more Iraqi prisoners of war.

Armory and weaponry: The allies reportre 18 Iraqi tanks and 15 other vehicles destroyed.

Central Command said 100 sorties were flown against Scud missle targets, destroying seven mobile launchers and four Scuds.

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